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Dessau is a city in Saxony-Anhalt and is part of the new county town Dessau-Roßlau. The previous Dessau was the third largest city of Magdeburg after and one of three top centers of the province. The next major cities are Halle, to the south-west, Leipzig, to the south and Magdeburg, to the north-west. Historically, Dessau capital and residence of the prince. Dessau is in the midst of an extensive alluvial landscape on both sides of the lower basin, north of the city in the Elbe River.
Dessau lies in the midst of an extensive alluvial landscape on both sides the lower hollow, which flows north through the city into the Elbe. However Dessau is threatened annually by the flow of the two rivers. Since the Muldwasser cannot flow off into the Elbe any more, its waters get accumulated and the city is under the threat of floods. In the year 2002 the district of Waldersee was completely flooded.
In the 12th century, Dessau was mentioned as a trading place at the intersection of trade routes in the basin. The trade center developed into a city with a lot of citizens. The conversion of the castle into a palace and the expansion of St. Mary's Church were some of the important changes that took place during the development of the city.
The princes made a lot of effort to make Dessau a At the end of the 16th Jahrhunderts erlebt die Stadt einen wirtschaftlichen Aufschwung, dem der Dreißigjährige Krieg ein Ende setzt. Century, the city experienced an economic boom, when the Thirty years war came to an end. Only at the end of the 17th century, the settlement was formed and it grew into a large Jewish municipality. The Dessau Woerlitzer garden realm is a cultural landscape in Saxonia-Anhalt, It consists of some important buildings as well as landscape parks.